Boko Haram (BH) launched its first cross-border attack from Nigeria into Chad in February 2015. In July, Chadian forces pushed BH back from the country’s islands in Lac region. Boko Haram in 2016 continued to carry out kidnappings, raids on populations, and small-scale attacks in Lac region, but at a lower intensity. After no attacks being reported since late September 2016, BH has resumed activity since January 2017, carrying out several attacks on Boma and Kaiga.?? ?? Since July 2016, more than 1,300 BH fighters, including their families, have reportedly surrendered in Chad.?
Multinational Joint Task Force
A Multinational Joint Task Force (MNJTF) of at least 8,700 forces from Nigeria, Niger, Chad, Cameroon, and Benin is operating in the region under a common command.? Chad has the largest contingent, with at least 4,000 soldiers involved with the MNJTF.?In October 2016, the MNJTF received additional support from the African Union.?The MNJTF aims to improve coordination between regional militaries fighting BH. It is headquartered in N'Djamena.? During the summer of 2016, Chad carried out military operations against BH in the region. In February, the MNJTF announced the start of the military forces operations in the Lake Chad region.??
The G5 Sahel is composed of 5,000 soldiers from 5 Sahelian countries: Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, and Niger. Created in 2014, the G5 Sahel joint military force is aimed at stopping the expansion of jihadist groups operating in the Sahel region.? An estimated 2,000 Chadian soliders are currently involved in the G5 Sahel force.? In June, the president threatened to withdraw troops from the G5 Sahel because of the severe economic and social crisis that Chad is currently facing.?
Front pour l'alternance et la concorde au Tchad (FACT)
Created in April 2016, the FACT stems from l'Union des forces pour la democratie et le developpement (UFDD), a coalition of armed opposition groups which participated in an unsuccessful offensive against the Chadian government in February 2008. The FACT, one of the most active opposition groups in Chad, operates from the northern regions and aims to overthrow president Deby. ?? FACT also has a base in southern Libya, which was targeted in December 2016 by the Libya National Army, who are close to Deby.?? As of early March, FACT is suspected to be fighting against General Haftar in Libya.? The Libyan government estimates that the Chadian opposition is made of 5,000 men.?