Overview

More than 4.4 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance, mostly because of underlying vulnerability, food insecurity, and malnutrition, particularly in the Sahelian zone in the north.

Security threats around Lake Chad, most notably from Boko Haram (BH), and military operations to contain them have driven civilians from their homes and disrupted livelihoods. Insecurity has also pushed Nigerian refugees into Chad since 2014, creating a complex displacement crisis across the islands and shores of Lake Chad. Large and protracted refugee populations, mainly from Sudan and CAR, in the south and east of the country also face significant humanitarian needs.?

Regional instability coupled with a severe economic crisis and erratic rainfall threaten food security in Chad. Some 2.4 million people currently face food insecurity, and 3.7 million are projected to be food insecure for the June-August 2019 period. ?

INFORM measures Chad's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster as high at 7.2/10. Vulnerability as well as lack of coping capacity are of particular concern, at 7.6/10 and 8.9/10. ? 

Latest Developments

26/02: More than 3000 suspected cases of measles were recorded in Chad between 1 January and 17 February, according to WHO. The present measles outbreak has been ongoing since early 2018, but has gotten steadily worse since the start of 2019. A total of 5336 suspected cases of measles were recorded in Chad during the whole of 2018.?

21/02: On 19 February, Boko Haram militants attacked three villages in Ngoubou sub-prefecture, Lac province. Five people were killed in the attacks, and at least 12 others were kidnapped. Seperately, Chadian police also apprehended 5 members of Boko Haram in N'Djamena. These events follow a period of relatively subdued activity for Boko Harm in Chad since the beginning of the 2019.?

17/01: Around 6,500 people have fled northeastern Nigeria to the Lac region of Chad since 26 December following an escalation of conflict near Baga. Chad currently hosts around 11,300 Nigerian refugees displaced by the Lake Chad crisis, nearly all of whom are in the Lac region.?

Key figures

  • 124,000 IDPs in Lac region  [?]
  • 450,000 Refugees  [?]
  • 3,700,000 projected food insecure for june-august 2019  [?]

Key priorities

Nutrition: Global acute malnutrition (GAM) rates of 13.9% (alert) and severe acute malnutrition (SAM) rate of 4.2% (emergency).?

Protection: SGBV prevention, child protection in and outside camps, and access to legal assistance and remedies for refugees are needed. ?

Health: Prevention and treatment of hepatitis E, malaria, measles and meningitis.

WASH is a major concern for people affected by population movements.

Information Gaps and needs

  • Number of displaced without access to basic services such as health, education, and WASH.?
  • Number of displaced with specific needs.?
  • Information on the presence of WASH infrastructure.?
  • Nutrition numbers at department level.?