Since November 2016, fighting among ex-Seleka as well as with anti-balaka in central CAR has resulted in over 680,000 people being internally displaced, targeted killings along communal lines, and human rights abuses. Fighting moved south, with clashes in Haute-Kotto, Basse-Kotto, Haut Mbomou, and Mbomou the deadliest since the division of the Seleka faction in 2014.
Of a population of 4.67 million, more than half is in need of assistance. Protection, health, and WASH assistance are priority needs for 2018, while humanitarian access is restricted in large parts of the country. Needs continue to exceed available resources, and delivery of aid is expected to continue to decline because funding remains low.
INFORM measures CAR's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be extremely high, at 7.6/10. CAR's vulnerability and lack of coping capacity are of particular concern.?
Protection: Needs are particularly concentrated among IDPs and enclaved Muslim communities.
Humanitarian access: Poor infrastructure, armed groups’ control of the roads, and targeting of humanitarian actors limits access outside Bangui.
Food security: Insecurity prevents farmers from accessing their field.
Information Gaps and needs
While there is often information about communities newly displaced by violence, updated information about their situation and needs is frequently lacking.
Limited information is available on needs in the north and east of the country, making access to IDPs and people affected by conflict more difficult. This is the case especially in eastern prefectures, where the security situation continued to deteriorate in 2017.
Disruption to the communication system is also a constraint to humanitarian access. In Batangafo, the telephone line has been cut, making it difficult to obtain information. ?