Overview

Almost half of the population is need of assistance. Conflict has resulted in displacement, targeted killings along communal lines, and human rights abuses. Protection, humanitarian access, and food security are priority needs.. Needs continue to exceed available resources, and delivery of aid is expected to decline because funding remains low. 

Since November 2016, fighting among ex Seleka in central CAR has resulted in large numbers of displacement, as well as access and protection concerns. Fighting is moving south, with significant clashes reported in Mbomou and Basse-Koto in May.

INFORM measures CAR's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be extremely high, at 8.4/10. CAR's vulnerability is of particular concern.?

Latest Developments

26/05: 501,600 IDPs are registered, up  from 440,000 in April, 31% live in camps, 68% in host families and 1% in the bush. IDPs in Haute-Kotto  almost doubled in a month, to 79,735.?

 

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Key figures

  • 2,200,000 People in need  [?]
  • 1,100,000 Moderately and Severely food insecure  [?]
  • 501,600 Registered IDPs  [?]
  • 462,900 CAR refugees in neighbouring countries  [?]

Key priorities

Protection: Needs are particularly concentrated among IDPs and enclaved Muslim communities.

Humanitarian access: Poor infrastructure, armed groups’ control of the roads, and targeting of humanitarian actors limits access outside Bangui.

Food security: Insecurity prevents farmers from accessing their field. 

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Information Gaps and needs

While there is often information about communities newly displaced by violence, updated information about their situation and needs is frequently lacking.

Limited information is available on needs in the north and east of the country. 

Lessons learned

Humanitarian actors should plan for increased food insecurity during and following surges in conflict as displaced farmers and pastoralists are often unable to tend to their crops or livestock, leading to decreased food availability.  

Mobile clinics have been used for people living in enclaves so they can access health services (MSF 30/09/2015).

Rains during the wet season and fires during the dry season destroy temporary shelters and lead to increased shelter needs among displaced populations (IDMC 26/05/2015).

When the dry season starts, November–December, banditry against cattle herders increases, due to increased mobility and peak cattle-trading time.?