Overview

Political instability has crippled Burundi’s economy and driven displacement, as people continue to flee prosecution and violence carried out by both the government, opposition, and their respective supporters. Assassinations, disappearances, kidnappings, torture and mass arrests have been reported. More than 400,000 people have fled to neighbouring countries since April 2015, out of which around 60,000 fled in 2017. Remaining and returning population face recurring natural hazards and food insecurity.?

INFORM measures Burundi's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster as high, at 5.8/10. Lack of coping capacity and vulnerability are at concerning levels: 6.5/10 and 6.2/10 respectively.?

Key figures

  • 3,600,000 people in need  [?]
  • 430,000 refugees in neighbouring countries  [?]
  • 173,000 IDPs  [?]
  • 2,000 killed in political violence  [?]

Key priorities

Health: 3.0 million Burundians are in need of health assistance.?

Food: 2.6 million Burundians are acutely food insecure.?

Protection: Presently 1.1 million Burundians are in need of protection assistance.?

 

 

Information Gaps and needs

  • The closure of most independent media outlets means impartial accounts of political violence are lacking. Disappearances of journalists have been reported, most notably Iwacu journalist Jean Bigirimana - Iwacu is the single remaining independent media outlet operating in Burundi.??
  • Although over 50,000 of refugees have returned since being displaced in 2014, information on their needs is absent.

 

 

Key documents

UN Human Rights Council

17/06/2016

Report of the High Commissioner for Human Rights on the Human Rights Situation in Burundi

Refugees International

22/12/2015

Women and girls failed: The Burundian refugee response in Tanzania

International Crisis Group

05/04/2017

Burundi: The Army in Crisis

UNHCR

23/05/2017

BURUNDI SITUATION 2017: Supplementary Appeal

UNHCR

22/12/2016

BURUNDI REGIONAL REFUGEE RESPONSE PLAN