• Crisis Severity ?
    2.7
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    3.9
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    1.7
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    2.8
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    1.0
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Overview

04/01/2022

Algeria is a destination and transit country for migrants from sub-Saharan countries. While the actual number of migrants affected by the crisis is unclear, UNHCR counted 10,600 asylum seekers and refugees as of 30 September 2021.? Refugees and asylum seekers do not have documentation or residency permits, leading to limited access to public services. There is limited information regarding the profile or needs of those migrants when they arrive to Algeria. Most transit through Mali or Niger to find work in Algeria. Some 25,000-29,000 migrants were deported from Algeria in 2018 and 23,800 more between January and October 2019.? Conditions in detention centres and during deportation are leading to protection concerns. West African migrants are often rounded up and dropped off in the desert, some 15-25 kilometres from the border with Niger or Mali, and forced to walk through harsh terrain without food or water and in areas sometimes controlled by armed groups. In 2018, UNHCR also counted 77 cases of expulsion of registered refugees. ?

Latest Developments

04/01/2022

No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.

Information Gaps and Needs

04/01/2022
  • Lack of detailed information on the migrant population living in Algeria, including data disaggregated by age, gender and disability.
  • Information about in- and out-flow of migrants is missing. 

Key Priorities

04/01/2022

Protection: Several cases of mass expulsions of migrants from the country have been reported, including women and minors. Most migrants are left at the southern border with Niger, in the desert. Migrants, including children, have also been detained by authorities. Violent incidents and mistreatment of migrants in the journey towards Niger have also emerged.?