Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)0 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.0 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.0 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.1.70 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.No constraintsExtreme constraints
Algeria is a destination and transit country for migrants from sub-Saharan countries. There is limited information regarding the profile or needs of those migrants when they arrive to Algeria. Most transit through Mali or Niger to find work in Algeria. Some 25,000-29,000 migrants were deported from Algeria in 2018. Conditions in detention centres and during deportation are leading to protection concerns. West African migrants are often rounded up and dropped off in the desert, some 15-25 kilometres from the border with Niger or Mali, and forced to walk through harsh terrain without food or water and in areas sometimes controlled by armed groups. In 2018, UNHCR also counted 77 cases of expulsion of registered refugees. ?
No recent significant humanitarian developments. The situation is being monitored by our analysis team.
Information Gaps and Needs
- Lack of detailed information on the migrant population living in Algeria, including data segregated by age, gender and disability.
- Information about in- and out-flow of migrants is missing.
- Access to the detention centres is very limited.
Protection: Cases of abuse, sexual violence, and torture have been reported by migrants detained in Algeria before being deported. Migrants are frequently reported to have died in the desert between Algeria, Mali, and Niger.