Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)2.60 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.3.80 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.1.70 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.2.70 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.1.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Algeria is a destination and transit country for migrants from sub-Saharan countries. While the actual number of migrants affected by the crisis is unclear, UNHCR counted 10,600 asylum seekers and refugees as of 30 September 2021.? Refugees and asylum seekers do not have documentation or residency permits, leading to limited access to public services. There is limited information regarding the profile or needs of those migrants when they arrive to Algeria. Most transit through Mali or Niger to find work in Algeria. Some 25,000-29,000 migrants were deported from Algeria in 2018 and 23,800 more between January and October 2019.? Conditions in detention centres and during deportation are leading to protection concerns. West African migrants are often rounded up and dropped off in the desert, some 15-25 kilometres from the border with Niger or Mali, and forced to walk through harsh terrain without food or water and in areas sometimes controlled by armed groups. In 2018, UNHCR also counted 77 cases of expulsion of registered refugees. ?
No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.
Information Gaps and Needs
- Lack of detailed information on the migrant population living in Algeria, including data disaggregated by age, gender and disability.
- Information about in- and out-flow of migrants is missing.
Protection: Several cases of mass expulsions of migrants from the country have been reported, including women and minors. Most migrants are left at the southern border with Niger, in the desert. Migrants, including children, have also been detained by authorities. Violent incidents and mistreatment of migrants in the journey towards Niger have also emerged.?