• Crisis Severity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 604 Fatalities reported [?]



The central Mediterranean route, from Sub-Saharan Africa, mainly Libya and Tunisia but also Algeria, to Italy has been one of the most active and dangerous routes for people crossing to Europe by sea. Italy recorded around 181,000 sea arrivals in 2016, and 119,000 in 2017, before numbers dropped to 23,400 in 2018.?Since then, arrival numbers have again lowered significantly, 63% in the third quarter of 2019 compared to the same time period in 2018 (from 21,024 to 7,634 new sea arrivals). ? However, the number of people who have died or are missing remain high.  As of  30 November, 733 people have lost their lives or remain missing on the central Mediterranean route in 2020?

Around 76% of the people embarking on the journey are men. Main countries of origin are Tunisia (38.4% of new arrivals), Bangladesh (12.7%), and Côte d'Ivoire (5.3%). ?

The mixed migration movements include refugees fleeing from persecution and conflict in their home countries as well as migrants looking for better economic and social opportunities in Europe. Human rights violations are reported in detention centers, especially in Libya. Protection, food and health concerns are high among the migrants and asylum seekers. ?Many become victims of sexual exploitation and human trafficking.?


Latest Developments


No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.