Assistance needs due to armed conflict and frequent natural disasters include food, healthcare, and protection.? Continued internal displacement as a result of conflict, coupled with an influx of returnees from Pakistan and Iran have led to a significant increase in shelter and WASH needs. 7.4 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance. However, the high level of insecurity constrains access.?

INFORM measures Afghanistan’s risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be very high, at 7.7/10.?

Latest Developments

21/01: On 20 January, Kabul's Intercontinental hotel was attacked, with Taliban claiming responsibility. More than 43 deaths reported.? 

Key figures

  • 3,300,000 people in acute need of assistance  [?]
  • 1,600,000 in acute need of health assistance  [?]
  • 1,900,000 in acute need of food security assistance  [?]
  • 1,100,000 in acute need of wash assistance  [?]

Key priorities

Food security newly displaced people and returnees are at particular risk of food insecurity.

Health services are severely under equipped and understaffed, and continue to be targeted by armed groups particularly in conflict areas. 

Protection: Civilians are often intentionally targeted by armed groups. Nine in ten women are reported to regularly face physical, psychological, or sexual violence.

Information Gaps and needs

Lack of information on the disabled, and people with special needs.

Access restrictions due to insecurity decrease the accuracy of assessments done on the numbers of conflict induced IDPs and the numbers of people in need of assistance in the country

Lessons learned

  • Months of higher temperatures, usually from April to October/November, represent the Afghan fighting season, because milder temperatures make roads and other infrastructure, as well as mountain passes, more accessible.?
  • Heavy rains, usually falling from January - April, often cause flash floods and landslides in remote, northern areas of Afghanistan.?
Key documents


UNAMA Report


Protection of civilians in armed conflict 2015

Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan


State of Afghan cities - Vol. 1

Watson Institute, Brown University


War Related Casualties Afghanistan and Pakistan 2001-2014

Arwin Rahi


Afghanistan's growing ethnic and linguistic divides