Overview

Assistance needs due to armed conflict and frequent natural disasters include food, healthcare, and protection.? With the increase in the number of people internally displaced by conflict and the influx of returnees from Pakistan and Iran in the year 2016, shelter and WASH needs have increased significantly. 9.3 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance.?However, the high level of insecurity constrains access.?

INFORM measures Afghanistan’s risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be very high, at 7.8/10. Afghanistan’s hazard is of particular concern, at 8.8/10.?

Latest Developments

 
20/02: As many as 200 families have been displaced by recent rocket shelling by Pakistan into eastern Nangarhar and eastern Kunar province. Local media sources put the number of displaced families at 2,000.??
 
20/02: 205 Afghans have been arrested and detained in a nationwide crackdown on suspected terrorists in Pakistan.?
 
20/02: Torkham and Chaman border remain closed for the third day following their closure by Pakistan for security reasons. Hundreds of trucks carrying perishable goods such as fruits and vegetables have been restricted entry into and out of Pakistan. Pakistani authorities have issued shoot-at-sight orders for anyone found trying to illegally cross over Chaman border.?
 
20/02: 26 people killed and 30 missing after a snowstorm in Faryab province.?
 
17/02: Pakistan began firing artillery and mortar shells into Goshta and Lalpur districts in eastern Nangarhar and Sarkano district in eastern Kunar provinces. The shelling began soon after the closure of the Afghan-Pakistani borders in the aftermath of the terror attacks in Sindh province, Pakistan.?
 
16/02: 11 civilians killed, including eight children when the vehicle in which they were traveling in detonated a pressure-plate improvised explosive device that was placed on a main public road in Paktika province.?
 

UNHCR suspended facilitated returns during the winter season from 1 November, 2016 to 28 February, 2017.?

Pakistan has extended the deadline for registered Afghan refugees to leave the country to December 2017.?

Risk of below-average precipitation during the next wet season (October to May) caused by La Niña ?

By June 2017, the number of acutely food insecure people will likely decrease seasonally from a peak in late winter/early spring. ?

 

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Crisis Overview 2016: Afghanistan

The Crisis Overview 2016: Humanitarian Trends and Risks for 2017, outlines the countries where needs are greatest, and growing, as we approach the end of 2016

Afghanistan is one of the 15 crises analysed in this report.

Read the full report here

Key figures

  • 9,300,000 People in need
  • 1,200,000 Displaced by conflict
  • 3,400,000 Severely food insecure
  • 3,700,000 In need of protection
  • 2,300,000 In need of WASH

Key priorities

Food security Newly displaced people are at particular risk of food insecurity.

Health services are severely underequipped and understaffed, particularly in conflict areas.

Protection: Civilians are often intentionally targeted by the Taliban. Nine in ten women are reported to regularly face physical, psychological, or sexual violence.

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Information Gaps and needs

Lack of information on the disabled, and people with special needs.

Limited information on the welfare and settlement patterns of returnees from Iran.

Access restrictions due to insecurity decrease the accuracy of assessments done on the numbers of conflict induced IDPs and the numbers of people in need of assistance in the country.

Lessons learned

  • Months of higher temperatures, usually from March to October/November, represent the Afghan fighting season, because milder temperatures make roads and other infrastructure, as well as mountain passes, more accessible. ??
  • Heavy rains, usually falling from January - April, often cause flash floods and landslides in remote, northern areas of Afghanistan.?
Key documents

UNAMA Report

14/02/2016

Protection of civilians in armed conflict 2015

ISPI

31/07/2014

Limits and sustainability challenges for the Afghan National Security Forces

Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

17/11/2015

State of Afghan cities - Vol. 1

Watson Institute, Brown University

22/05/2015

War Related Casualties Afghanistan and Pakistan 2001-2014

Arwin Rahi

28/02/2015

Afghanistan's growing ethnic and linguistic divides