Assistance needs due to armed conflict and frequent natural disasters include food, healthcare, and protection.? Continued internal displacement as a result of conflict, coupled with an influx of returnees from Pakistan and Iran have led to a significant increase in shelter and WASH needs. 7.4 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance. However, the high level of insecurity constrains access.?
INFORM measures Afghanistan’s risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be very high, at 7.7/10.?
Food security Newly displaced people and returnees are at particular risk of food insecurity.
Health services are severely under equipped and understaffed, and continue to be targeted by armed groups particularly in conflict areas.
Protection: Civilians are often intentionally targeted by the Taliban. Nine in ten women are reported to regularly face physical, psychological, or sexual violence.
Information Gaps and needs
Lack of information on the disabled, and people with special needs.
Limited information on the welfare and settlement patterns of returnees from Iran.
Access restrictions due to insecurity decrease the accuracy of assessments done on the numbers of conflict induced IDPs and the numbers of people in need of assistance in the country
- Months of higher temperatures, usually from March to October/November, represent the Afghan fighting season, because milder temperatures make roads and other infrastructure, as well as mountain passes, more accessible. ??
- Heavy rains, usually falling from January - April, often cause flash floods and landslides in remote, northern areas of Afghanistan.?