Assistance needs due to armed conflict and frequent natural disasters include food, healthcare, and protection.? With the increase in the number of people internally displaced by conflict and the influx of returnees from Pakistan and Iran in the year 2016, shelter and WASH needs have increased significantly. 9.3 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance.?However, the high level of insecurity constrains access.?

INFORM measures Afghanistan’s risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be very high, at 7.8/10. Afghanistan’s hazard is of particular concern, at 8.8/10.?

Latest Developments

24/05:  Eight IOM staff members were injured when IS attacked an army checkpoint near the Torkham Transit Centre, Nangarhar province. ?

Pakistan has extended the deadline for registered Afghan refugees to leave the country to the end of the year 2017.


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Key figures

  • 9,300,000 People in need  [?]
  • 1,500,000 Displaced by conflict  [?]
  • 1,600,000 Severely food insecure  [?]
  • 6,300,000 In need of Health  [?]
  • 2,300,000 In need of WASH  [?]

Key priorities

Food security Newly displaced people are at particular risk of food insecurity.

Health services are severely underequipped and understaffed, particularly in conflict areas.

Protection: Civilians are often intentionally targeted by the Taliban. Nine in ten women are reported to regularly face physical, psychological, or sexual violence.

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Information Gaps and needs

Lack of information on the disabled, and people with special needs.

Limited information on the welfare and settlement patterns of returnees from Iran.

Access restrictions due to insecurity decrease the accuracy of assessments done on the numbers of conflict induced IDPs and the numbers of people in need of assistance in the country.

Lessons learned

  • Months of higher temperatures, usually from March to October/November, represent the Afghan fighting season, because milder temperatures make roads and other infrastructure, as well as mountain passes, more accessible. ??
  • Heavy rains, usually falling from January - April, often cause flash floods and landslides in remote, northern areas of Afghanistan.?
Key documents

UNAMA Report


Protection of civilians in armed conflict 2015

Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan


State of Afghan cities - Vol. 1

Watson Institute, Brown University


War Related Casualties Afghanistan and Pakistan 2001-2014

Arwin Rahi


Afghanistan's growing ethnic and linguistic divides