Assistance needs due to armed conflict and frequent natural disasters include food, healthcare, and protection.? Continued internal displacement as a result of conflict and drought, coupled with an influx of returnees from Pakistan and Iran have led to a significant increase in shelter and WASH needs.? 7.4 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance. However, the high level of insecurity constrains access.?
INFORM measures Afghanistan’s risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be very high, at 7.8/10.?
18/12: Attacks on schools have been increasing in 2018: in Paktika province alone about 35 schools remain closed due to insecurity.? Across the country at least 1,150 schools were closed between January and November 2018 due to ongoing hostilities, election-related violence and intimidation.? Some 3.7 million children are deprived of education in Afghanistan, of these 2.2 million are girls.?
Food security newly displaced people and returnees are at particular risk of food insecurity. Drought is likely to affect the food security of more than two million people.
Health services are severely under equipped and understaffed, and continue to be targeted by armed groups particularly in conflict areas.
Protection: Civilians are often intentionally targeted by armed groups. Nine in ten women are reported to regularly face physical, psychological, or sexual violence.
Information Gaps and needs
Lack of information on the disabled, and people with special needs.
Access restrictions caused by insecurity decrease the accuracy of assessments on the numbers of IDPs and people in need of assistance.
- Months of higher temperatures, usually from April to October/November, represent the Afghan fighting season, because milder temperatures make roads and other infrastructure, as well as mountain passes, more accessible.?
- Heavy rains, usually falling from January - April, often cause flash floods and landslides in remote, northern areas of Afghanistan.?