Assistance needs due to armed conflict and frequent natural disasters include food, healthcare, and protection.? With the increase in the number of people internally displaced by conflict and the influx of returnees from Pakistan and Iran in the year 2016, shelter and WASH needs have increased significantly. 9.3 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance.?However, the high level of insecurity constrains access.?
INFORM measures Afghanistan’s risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be very high, at 7.8/10. Afghanistan’s hazard is of particular concern, at 8.8/10.?
27/03: Insurgents burnt down a polio centre in the Chahardi area, Bati kot district, Nangarhar province. The attack came hours before a 5-day nation-wide polio vaccination campaign was set to begin. No group has claimed responsibility for the attack.?
UNHCR suspended facilitated returns during the winter season from 1 November, 2016 to 28 February, 2017.?Closure of Afghan-Pakistani border crossings has put a hold on the resumption of facilitated returns.
Pakistan has extended the deadline for registered Afghan refugees to leave the country to the end of the year 2017.
There is a likelihood for average to above-average precipitation during the remainder of the wet season through May.?
By June 2017, the number of acutely food insecure people will likely decrease seasonally from a peak in late winter/early spring. ?
Crisis Overview 2016: Afghanistan
The Crisis Overview 2016: Humanitarian Trends and Risks for 2017, outlines the countries where needs are greatest, and growing, as we approach the end of 2016
Afghanistan is one of the 15 crises analysed in this report.
- 9,300,000 People in need
- 1,200,000 Displaced by conflict
- 3,400,000 Severely food insecure
- 3,700,000 In need of protection
- 2,300,000 In need of WASH
Food security Newly displaced people are at particular risk of food insecurity.
Health services are severely underequipped and understaffed, particularly in conflict areas.
Protection: Civilians are often intentionally targeted by the Taliban. Nine in ten women are reported to regularly face physical, psychological, or sexual violence.
Information Gaps and needs
Lack of information on the disabled, and people with special needs.
Limited information on the welfare and settlement patterns of returnees from Iran.
Access restrictions due to insecurity decrease the accuracy of assessments done on the numbers of conflict induced IDPs and the numbers of people in need of assistance in the country.
- Months of higher temperatures, usually from March to October/November, represent the Afghan fighting season, because milder temperatures make roads and other infrastructure, as well as mountain passes, more accessible. ??
- Heavy rains, usually falling from January - April, often cause flash floods and landslides in remote, northern areas of Afghanistan.?