Some 5.3 million people have been displaced due to the ongoing conflict between the government of Pakistan and militants in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) since 2008. About 194,300 people (29,000 households) are still displaced in KP and former Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA). In the disputed region of Kashmir conflict flares up sporadically at the Line of Control dividing Pakistan and India. 

Around 3.2 million people are in need of humanitarian aid in Pakistan. The security situation is volatile due to militant attacks in urban centres and military operations against the Taliban in the tribal areas. 300,000 people are displaced within KP and FATA. The needs of IDPs and Afghan refugees in KP are of particular concern. Additionally 1.39 million registered and 25,135 undocumented Afghans live in Pakistan. ?

Drought is increasing the vulnerability of households in Balochistan and Sindh province.  ?

Aid agencies in Pakistan are struggling to deliver assistance because they lack government permission to operate. Attacks on NGO workers by armed groups also occur.

INFORM measures Pakistan’s risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be high, at 6.4/10. Pakistan’s exposure to hazards is of particular concern, at 9/10.?

Latest Developments

15/04: Heavy rainfall and thunderstorms across Pakistan and a dust storm in Karachi, Sindh province killed 25 people and many injured on 15 April. Public infrastructure, houses and roads are damaged due to land slides and flash floods. ?

12/04:  A suicide attack in Quetta killed over 20 and injured over 40 people in an outdoor market on 12 April, many of the ethnic Hazaras. Hazaras are frequently targeted by the Taliban and Islamic State militants. Following the attack, over 200 Hazaras blocked traffic with a three-day sit-in protest, expressing their frustration that the government has failed to protect the community.  ?

02/04: Fighting between India and Pakistan troops  in Kashmir killed at least seven and wounded 18 civilians along the line of control on 2 April. The fatalities are some of the highest since the 14 February suicide attack. ?

Key figures

  • 3,200,000 People in need  [?]
  • 1,394,000 registered Afghan refugees  [?]
  • 1,000,000 undocumented Afghans  [?]
  • 302,000 IDPs in KP and FATA  [?]

Key priorities

Protection: Protection issues in Pakistan concern mainly the situation of women and children, violence against minorities and refugees (especially Afghans), and violence against media workers. 1.4 million need protection assistance.?

Health: Inadequate facilities, lack of trained staff, and mismanagement has led to a spike in the caseload of some communicable diseases, especially dengue. 1.2 million are in need of healthcare.?

Shelter assistance is needed for 1.2 million people.?

Information Gaps and needs

Information is limited on displacement from shelling along the Line of Control in Azad Jammu and Kashmir. Also humanitarian access is limited in the area.

Gaps exist in the reporting of the effects of drought on food security and malnutrition in the southeast of the country, in Sindh province.

The impact of the monsoon 2017 is unclear at the moment. There is a lack of data on priority areas for intervantion.

In Balochistan, there is an insurgency ongoing. The information on the impact on the civilian population is limited.