Almost 10% of the population is in need of humanitarian assistance, mainly due to conflict and displacement. There are over 255,000 refugees from CAR and around 95,000 from Nigeria in Cameroon due to conflict in those countries. CAR refugees are mainly located in the East and Adamaoua regions, and are dependent on humanitarian assistance. Most refugees from Nigeria live in Minawao camp, in Far North region and their primary needs are protection, WASH, and livelihood support.
The Boko Haram (BH) insurgency spilled over into Far North region from neighbouring Borno state in Nigeria in 2014. After Nigeria, Cameroon is the second most-affected country by the violence and insecurity linked to BH in Lake Chad basin. ?
Longstanding grievances in the anglophone community in Northwest and Southwest regions due to marginalisation by the francophone-dominated government escalated into widespread protests and strikes in late 2016. ? Secessionists have increasingly targeted civilians and civil servants since the beginning of 2018. Over 260 security incidents were recorded between January and September 2018. ?
INFORM ranks the risk of humanitarian crisis at 5.7/10. Hazard and exposure risk stands at 4.9, vulnerability 6.3, and lack of coping capacity at 5.9/10?
10/04: An attack on 4 April by Cameroonian security forces on Meluf village located near a separatist’s camp in North West region led to the death of five civilians. Several houses have been looted and seven burnt down. Violence in and near health facilities since late March is affecting access to health for civilians.?
Food security: 2.6 million people are in need of food assistance due to preexisting vunerabilities exacerbated by population movements and general insecurity. ?
Protection: Over 1.3 million people are in need of protection assistance, predominantly in the Far North and Anglophone regions.?
WASH: 1.4 million people are in need of WASH assistance, mainly in Adamoua, East, North and Far North regions.?
Information Gaps and needs
Due to insecurity and limited number of humanitarian actors in the region, there are information gaps on population needs in some areas in the Far North near the Nigerian border.
Low international presence in Southwest and Northwest regions results in a lack of detailed information on the impact of the Anglophone crisis.